2008 SONS Freshmen: Results and Summary: Part 2

Background

1.  When did you come to the United States to live?

  1700  (72.6%)   I was born in the U.S.
  59  (2.5%)   1991 or earlier
  31  (1.3%)   1992
  32  (1.4%)   1993
  29  (1.2%)   1994
  28  (1.2%)   1995
  22  (0.9%)   1996
  25  (1.1%)   1997
  21  (0.9%)   1998
  30  (1.3%)   1999
  36  (1.5%)   2000
  33  (1.4%)   2001
  30  (1.3%)   2002
  26  (1.1%)   2003
  34  (1.5%)   2004
  29  (1.2%)   2005
  23  (1.0%)   2006
  6  (0.3%)   2007
  148  (6.3%)   2008
  [61 missing]     (Select one)

2.  When did you learn to speak English?

  1305  (55.7%)   English is my native language
  567  (24.2%)   Before I was 5 years old
  315  (13.5%)   When I was 6 to 10 years old
  139  (5.9%)   When I was 11 to 15 years old
  15  (0.6%)   After turning 16 years old
  [62 missing]     (Select one)

3.  What was the primary language other than English, if any, that was spoken in your house while you were in high school?

  809  (36.5%)   None-only English
  2  (0.1%)   Amharic
  1  (0.0%)   American Sign Language
  12  (0.5%)   Arabic
  9  (0.4%)   Armenian
  4  (0.2%)   Assyrian
  1  (0.0%)   Asturian
  1  (0.0%)   Azerbaijani
  5  (0.2%)   Bahasa (Indonesia)
  1  (0.0%)   Basque
  6  (0.3%)   Bengali
  1  (0.0%)   Berber
  1  (0.0%)   Bulgarian
  5  (0.2%)   Burmese
  6  (0.3%)   Cambodian
  92  (4.1%)   Cantonese
  1  (0.0%)   Catalan
  100  (4.5%)   Chinese - Cantonese
  314  (14.2%)   Chinese - Mandarin
  6  (0.3%)   Chinese - Taiwanese
  9  (0.4%)   Chinese - Teochew (chao Chow)
  17  (0.8%)   Chinese - Other or not sure about the dialect
  2  (0.1%)   Creole
  1  (0.0%)   Croatian
  1  (0.0%)   Dari (Afghanistan)
  3  (0.1%)   Dutch
  21  (0.9%)   English only
  1  (0.0%)   Estonian
  21  (0.9%)   Farsi (Persian)
  16  (0.7%)   French
  1  (0.0%)   Georgian
  10  (0.5%)   German
  3  (0.1%)   Greek
  14  (0.6%)   Gujarati
  6  (0.3%)   Hebrew
  29  (1.3%)   Hindi
  9  (0.4%)   Hmong
  1  (0.0%)   Hokkien
  1  (0.0%)   Hungarian
  1  (0.0%)   Ibo
  4  (0.2%)   Ilocano, Iloko
  7  (0.3%)   Indonesian
  5  (0.2%)   Italian
  21  (0.9%)   Japanese
  7  (0.3%)   Kannada
  2  (0.1%)   Khmer
  129  (5.8%)   Korean
  3  (0.1%)   Malaysian
  71  (3.2%)   Mandarin (Chinese)
  9  (0.4%)   Marathi
  4  (0.2%)   Mien
  2  (0.1%)   Norwegian
  1  (0.0%)   Pampango (Filipino)
  3  (0.1%)   Polish
  6  (0.3%)   Portugese (Brazil)
  2  (0.1%)   Portugese (Portugal)
  9  (0.4%)   Punjabi
  4  (0.2%)   Romanian
  12  (0.5%)   Russian
  1  (0.0%)   Shanghainese
  1  (0.0%)   Sindhi
  1  (0.0%)   Sinhala
  1  (0.0%)   Slovenian
  188  (8.5%)   Spanish (Latin and South America)
  5  (0.2%)   Spanish (Spain)
  50  (2.3%)   Tagalog
  4  (0.2%)   Taiwanese
  24  (1.1%)   Tamil
  11  (0.5%)   Telugu
  4  (0.2%)   Thai
  1  (0.0%)   Tigrinya
  4  (0.2%)   Toisan
  2  (0.1%)   Turkish
  10  (0.5%)   Urdu
  51  (2.3%)   Vietnamese
  1  (0.0%)   Visayan
  1  (0.0%)   Yiddish
  1  (0.0%)   Yoruba
  12  (0.5%)   Other
  [185 missing]     Select the Primary Language

3a.  Other primary language not on list: Please verify that the language is NOT on the list before writing it here.

[Open-ended text field]

4. To the best of your knowledge, where were these relatives born?

 Outside U.S.In U.S.
My mother 1553  (66.4%)   786  (33.6%)  
My father 1512  (64.7%)   824  (35.3%)  
My mother's mother 1654  (71.0%)   676  (29.0%)  
My father's mother 1610  (69.1%)   719  (30.9%)  
My mother's father 1641  (70.6%)   685  (29.4%)  
My father's father 1589  (68.6%)   727  (31.4%)  

5a. What is the highest level of education reached by your mother in a foreign country?

 93  (6.1%)   None (did not receive any education in a foreign country) 
  267  (17.4%)   Less than the equivalent of high school in the U.S.
  372  (24.3%)   U.S. high school equivalent 
  112  (7.3%)   Equivalent of a U.S. associate's or postsecondary certificate 
  496  (32.4%)   Equivalent of a U.S. bachelor's 
  12  (0.8%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate 
  93  (6.1%)   Equivalent of a U.S. master's 
  53  (3.5%)   A professional degree 
  35  (2.3%)   Equivalent of a U.S. doctorate 
  [870 missing]     (Select one)

5b. What is the highest level of education reached by your mother in the U.S.?

 826  (55.3%)   None (did not receive any education in U.S.) 
  56  (3.7%)   Less than high school 
  21  (1.4%)   GED 
  64  (4.3%)   High school degree 
  106  (7.1%)   Associate's degree or postsecondary certificate 
  156  (10.4%)   Bachelor's degree 
  15  (1.0%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate (e.g., teaching certificate) 
  172  (11.5%)   Master's 
  42  (2.8%)   Professional degree 
  37  (2.5%)   Doctorate 
  [908 missing]     (Select one)

5. What is the highest level of education reached by your mother?

 10  (1.3%)   Less than high school 
  7  (0.9%)   GED 
  114  (14.6%)   High school degree 
  62  (7.9%)   Associate's degree or postsecondary certificate 
  269  (34.4%)   Bachelor's degree 
  55  (7.0%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate (e.g., teaching certificate) 
  155  (19.8%)   Master's 
  73  (9.3%)   Professional degree 
  37  (4.7%)   Doctorate 
  [1621 missing]     (Select one)

6a. What is the highest level of education reached by your father in a foreign country?

 84  (5.7%)   None (did not receive any education in a foreign country) 
  245  (16.6%)   Less than the equivalent of high school in the U.S.
  310  (21.0%)   U.S. high school equivalent 
  91  (6.2%)   Equivalent of a U.S. associate's or postsecondary certificate 
  449  (30.4%)   Equivalent of a U.S. bachelor's 
  8  (0.5%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate 
  140  (9.5%)   Equivalent of a U.S. master's 
  70  (4.7%)   A professional degree 
  79  (5.4%)   Equivalent of a U.S. doctorate 
  [927 missing]     (Select one)

6b. What is the highest level of education reached by your father in the U.S.?

 720  (49.6%)   None (did not receive any education in U.S.) 
  37  (2.5%)   Less than high school 
  19  (1.3%)   GED 
  45  (3.1%)   High school degree 
  57  (3.9%)   Associate's degree or postsecondary certificate 
  125  (8.6%)   Bachelor's degree 
  9  (0.6%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate (e.g., teaching certificate) 
  235  (16.2%)   Master's 
  68  (4.7%)   Professional degree 
  137  (9.4%)   Doctorate 
  [951 missing]     (Select one)

6. What is the highest level of education reached by your father?

 11  (1.4%)   Less than high school 
  10  (1.2%)   GED 
  110  (13.6%)   High school degree 
  39  (4.8%)   Associate's degree or postsecondary certificate 
  272  (33.6%)   Bachelor's degree 
  18  (2.2%)   Post-baccalaureate certificate (e.g., teaching certificate) 
  156  (19.3%)   Master's 
  97  (12.0%)   Professional degree 
  97  (12.0%)   Doctorate 
  [1593 missing]     (Select one)

7. To the best of your knowledge, how many of your grandparents went to college?

  603  (26.0%)   I don't know
  734  (31.6%)   None
  619  (26.7%)   One or two
  365  (15.7%)   Three or four
  [82 missing]     (Select one)

8. Please list the household members of your primary residence during your senior year. For example, "Biological mother, stepfather and one brother."

[Contact OSR for more information]

 9. Which of the following best describes your social class when you were growing up?

84  (3.6%)   Wealthy
842  (36.2%)   Upper-middle or professional-middle
849  (36.5%)   Middle-class
348  (14.9%)   Working-class
206  (8.8%)   Low-income or poor

10. To the best of your knowledge, which category includes the total annual combined income of your parent(s) before taxes in 2007?

88  (3.9%)   Less than $10,000
122  (5.4%)   $10,000 to $19,999
240  (10.7%)   $20,000 to $34,999
187  (8.3%)   $35,000 to $49,999
189  (8.4%)   $50,000 to $64,999
189  (8.4%)   $65,000 to $79,999
233  (10.4%)   $80,000 to $99,999
354  (15.8%)   $100,000 to $124,999
176  (7.9%)   $125,000 to $149,999
192  (8.6%)   $150,000 to $199,999
271  (12.1%)   $200,000 or more

11. Select the category from the pull-down menu that best describes your race or ethnicity. If multi-racial, use the second pull-down menu, selecting one category per menu.

 86  (3.7%)   I'm an International student
  11  (0.5%)   African American - African immigrant
  3  (0.1%)   African American - Caribbean immigrant
  45  (1.9%)   African American - United States
  5  (0.2%)   American Indian/Alaskan Native
  158  (6.8%)   Chicano/Mexican American/Mexican
  1  (0.0%)   Columbian
  4  (0.2%)   Cuban
  7  (0.3%)   Puerto Rican
  17  (0.7%)   Salvadoran
  11  (0.5%)   South American
  25  (1.1%)   Other Latin American/Latino/Other Spanish
  88  (3.8%)   Filipino
  2  (0.1%)   Guamanian/Chamorro
  1  (0.0%)   Hawaiian
  1  (0.0%)   Other Pacific Islander
  497  (21.4%)   Chinese (except Taiwanese)
  45  (1.9%)   Japanese
  128  (5.5%)   Korean
  144  (6.2%)   Taiwanese
  8  (0.3%)   Cambodian
  10  (0.4%)   Hmong
  7  (0.3%)   Indonesian
  1  (0.0%)   Laotian
  2  (0.1%)   Malaysian
  4  (0.2%)   Mien
  4  (0.2%)   Thai
  61  (2.6%)   Vietnamese
  7  (0.3%)   Other Southeast Asian
  119  (5.1%)   Asian Indian
  3  (0.1%)   Bangladeshi
  12  (0.5%)   Pakistani
  3  (0.1%)   Sri Lankan
  10  (0.4%)   Other Asian
  40  (1.7%)   Middle Eastern
  76  (3.3%)   White/Caucasian - Eastern European Immigrant
  613  (26.4%)   White/Caucasian - United States
  21  (0.9%)   Other
  44  (1.9%)   No Response
  [79 missing]

  16  (3.7%)   I'm an International student
  3  (0.7%)   African American - African immigrant
  2  (0.5%)   African American - Caribbean immigrant
  8  (1.9%)   African American - United States
  8  (1.9%)   American Indian/Alaskan Native
  18  (4.2%)   Chicano/Mexican American/Mexican
  1  (0.2%)   Columbian
  2  (0.5%)   Cuban
  2  (0.5%)   Nicaraguan
  2  (0.5%)   Puerto Rican
  1  (0.2%)   Salvadoran
  6  (1.4%)   South American
  12  (2.8%)   Other Latin American/Latino/Other Spanish
  8  (1.9%)   Filipino
  1  (0.2%)   Hawaiian
  1  (0.2%)   Tongan
  1  (0.2%)   Samoan
  1  (0.2%)   Other Pacific Islander
  65  (15.1%)   Chinese (except Taiwanese)
  15  (3.5%)   Japanese
  14  (3.2%)   Korean
  17  (3.9%)   Taiwanese
  1  (0.2%)   Hmong
  3  (0.7%)   Indonesian
  1  (0.2%)   Laotian
  3  (0.7%)   Malaysian
  1  (0.2%)   Thai
  20  (4.6%)   Vietnamese
  1  (0.2%)   Other Southeast Asian
  7  (1.6%)   Asian Indian
  1  (0.2%)   Bangladeshi
  1  (0.2%)   Pakistani
  1  (0.2%)   Sri Lankan
  1  (0.2%)   Other Asian
  16  (3.7%)   Middle Eastern
  33  (7.7%)   White/Caucasian - Eastern European Immigrant
  89  (20.6%)   White/Caucasian - United States
  24  (5.6%)   Other
  24  (5.6%)   No Response
  [1972 missing]

12. What is your religious/spiritual preference?

 224  (9.8%)   Spiritual but not associated with a major religion
  526  (23.1%)   No religion or spiritual orientation
  191  (8.4%)   Atheist
  238  (10.5%)   Agnostic
  1  (0.0%)   AME (African Methodist Episcopal)
  7  (0.3%)   Assemblies of God
  1  (0.0%)   Baha'i
  51  (2.2%)   Baptist
  4  (0.2%)   Buddhist-Shin (Japanese)
  7  (0.3%)   Buddhist-Thai
  4  (0.2%)   Buddhist-Tibetan
  19  (0.8%)   Buddhist-Vietnamese
  4  (0.2%)   Buddhist-Zen (Japanese)
  2  (0.1%)   Buddhist-Zen (Korean)
  53  (2.3%)   Buddhist-Zen/Chan (Chinese)
  111  (4.9%)   Christian Church (Disciples)
  22  (1.0%)   Christian Reformed
  2  (0.1%)   Christian Science
  1  (0.0%)   Church of God (Indonesian)
  3  (0.1%)   CME (Christian Methodist Episcopal)
  3  (0.1%)   COGIC (Church of God in Christ)
  3  (0.1%)   Congregational/UCC
  8  (0.4%)   Episcopalian (Anglican)
  11  (0.5%)   Evangelical Free
  1  (0.0%)   Friends (Quaker)
  76  (3.3%)   Hindu
  4  (0.2%)   Jehovah's Witness
  69  (3.0%)   Jewish
  4  (0.2%)   Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)
  17  (0.7%)   Lutheran
  22  (1.0%)   Methodist
  42  (1.8%)   Muslim
  1  (0.0%)   Nazarene
  31  (1.4%)   Non-Denominational
  12  (0.5%)   Eastern Orthodox
  8  (0.4%)   Pentecostal
  55  (2.4%)   Presbyterian
  292  (12.8%)   Roman Catholic
  5  (0.2%)   Seventh Day Adventist
  10  (0.4%)   Sikh
  5  (0.2%)   Taoist
  2  (0.1%)   Unitarian-Universalist
  90  (4.0%)   Other Christian
  35  (1.5%)   Other Religion
  [126 missing]     (Select one)

13. How religious are you and your parents?

 Not applicableNot religiousA little religiousReligiousVery religious
Yourself 112  (4.8%)   946  (40.5%)   665  (28.5%)   478  (20.5%)   136  (5.8%)  
Your father 141  (6.1%)   864  (37.1%)   669  (28.7%)   426  (18.3%)   227  (9.8%)  
Your mother 88  (3.8%)   589  (25.3%)   654  (28.1%)   636  (27.3%)   363  (15.6%)  
Your stepfather 1647  (85.7%)   140  (7.3%)   74  (3.9%)   42  (2.2%)   19  (1.0%)  
Your stepmother 1649  (86.2%)   131  (6.9%)   62  (3.2%)   48  (2.5%)   22  (1.2%)  

14. What is your sexual orientation?

35  (1.5%)   Bisexual
32  (1.4%)   Gay/Lesbian
2036  (87.5%)   Heterosexual
47  (2.0%)   Questioning/Unsure
5  (0.2%)   Queer
111  (4.8%)   Decline to state
61  (2.6%)   Other

15. With which gender do you identify?

1306  (55.9%)   Woman
981  (42.0%)   Man
6  (0.3%)   Transgender
5  (0.2%)   Genderqueer
36  (1.5%)   Decline to state
2  (0.1%)   Other

16. How would you characterize your political orientation?

200  (8.7%)   Very liberal 744  (32.2%)   Liberal 443  (19.2%)   Slightly liberal 617  (26.7%)   Moderate or middle of the road 175  (7.6%)   Slightly conservative 108  (4.7%)   Conservative 22  (1.0%)   Very conservative

17. How many roommates do you have at Cal?

104  (4.5%)   None
1178  (50.5%)   One

Do you have a roommate who differs from you in the following ways?

 YesNoDon't know
Gender 8  (0.7%)   1162  (98.2%)   13  (1.1%)  
Sexual orientation 36  (3.0%)   994  (84.2%)   151  (12.8%)  
Race/ethnicity 730  (61.9%)   436  (36.9%)   14  (1.2%)  
Social or economic class 333  (28.2%)   419  (35.5%)   428  (36.3%)  
Immigrant or recent immigrant status 289  (24.5%)   682  (57.7%)   210  (17.8%)  
Political party affiliation 148  (12.6%)   392  (33.3%)   637  (54.1%)  
Religious preference 450  (38.1%)   285  (24.2%)   445  (37.7%)  

863  (37.0%)   Two

Do you have a roommate who differs from you in the following ways?

 YesNoDon't know
Gender 3  (0.3%)   865  (99.1%)   5  (0.6%)  
Sexual orientation 39  (4.5%)   688  (78.8%)   146  (16.7%)  
Race/ethnicity 746  (85.4%)   117  (13.4%)   11  (1.3%)  
Social or economic class 373  (42.9%)   148  (17.0%)   349  (40.1%)  
Immigrant or recent immigrant status 301  (34.6%)   395  (45.5%)   173  (19.9%)  
Political party affiliation 167  (19.2%)   203  (23.4%)   499  (57.4%)  
Religious preference 452  (51.9%)   104  (11.9%)   315  (36.2%)  

189  (8.1%)   Three or more

Do you have a roommate who differs from you in the following ways?

 YesNoDon't know
Gender 4  (2.1%)   186  (96.9%)   2  (1.0%)  
Sexual orientation 13  (6.7%)   132  (68.4%)   48  (24.9%)  
Race/ethnicity 164  (85.4%)   26  (13.5%)   2  (1.0%)  
Social or economic class 89  (46.6%)   36  (18.8%)   66  (34.6%)  
Immigrant or recent immigrant status 85  (44.7%)   71  (37.4%)   34  (17.9%)  
Political party affiliation 49  (25.8%)   41  (21.6%)   100  (52.6%)  
Religious preference 96  (50.3%)   25  (13.1%)   70  (36.6%)  

18. Admissions decisions are based on a comprehensive review of submitted materials. All achievements, both academic and non-academic, are considered in the context of the opportunities an applicant has had, and the assessment is based on how fully the applicant has taken advantages of those opportunities.

How do you think each of the following affected your admission? Note that the essay is an integral part of the review because it can provide evidence in these areas.

 Probably the deciding factorMade my application stronger than mostNeutral, had no real effectWeakened my application; was a problem area
High school courses taken 301  (13.0%)  1632  (70.2%)  366  (15.7%)  25  (1.1%)  
Grades in high school coursework 609  (26.2%)  1382  (59.5%)  254  (10.9%)  77  (3.3%)  
Personal qualities (e.g., leadership ability, character, motivation, tenacity) 591  (25.5%)  1293  (55.8%)  389  (16.8%)  44  (1.9%)  
My likely contributions to the intellectual and cultural vitality of the campus 355  (15.4%)  1164  (50.4%)  726  (31.4%)  65  (2.8%)  
Performance on standardized tests (e.g., SAT, SAT Subject Tests) 299  (12.9%)  1006  (43.4%)  622  (26.9%)  389  (16.8%) 
Achievement in academic enrichment programs offered by Univ. of California 89  (3.9%)   349  (15.4%)  1569  (69.2%)  261  (11.5%) 
Other evidence of achievement. (This criterion recognizes exemplary, sustained achievement in any field of intellectual or creative endeavor; accomplishments in the performing arts and athletics; employment; leadership in school or community organizations or activities; and community service.) 644  (28.6%)  1106  (49.1%)  442  (19.6%)  60  (2.7%)  
Other, please specify: [Open-ended text field] 106  (30.3%)  83  (23.7%)   142  (40.6%)  19  (5.4%)  

19. How confident were you that you would be admitted to Cal?

425  (18.2%)   I was fairly certain that I would be admitted
867  (37.2%)   I was reasonably confident that I would be admitted but anything can happen
667  (28.6%)   I thought that either outcome was equally likely
195  (8.4%)   I was reasonably confident that I would NOT be admitted
178  (7.6%)   It was a complete surprise

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