A joint program is one degree offered by two separate departments of instruction or institutions.At the graduate level, examples of joint doctoral programs include the joint PhD program in Sociology and Demography, the Medical Anthropology program offered by a graduate group at Berkeley and UCSF, or the Jewish Studies program offered by a Berkeley graduate group and the Graduate Theological Union.At the undergraduate level, the Colleges of Engineering and Chemistry offer a joint degree in a defined series of six combined programs, e.g., the BS in Nuclear Engineering and Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. Formerly called "double majors", these programs are designed for students who wish to undertake study in two major areas of engineering in order to quality for employment in either field or for positions in which competence in two fields is required. These curricula include the core courses in each of the major fields. While they may require slightly increased course loads, they can be completed in four years. Both majors are shown on the student's transcript of record. Admission to these joint major programs is closed to freshmen but open to transfer students. Continuing students may petition for change to a joint program in the final semester of the sophomore year.