The designated emphasis is an area of focus, such as a new method of inquiry or an important field of application, that is relevant to two or more existing doctoral degree programs. A designated emphasis is similar to a minor, but at the graduate level. However, because of its interdisciplinary nature, it differs from a specialization or a concentration within a major in that it is a program administered by an approved graduate group. A designated emphasis is designed to complement existing Ph.D. programs and to provide opportunities for interdisciplinary study with faculty from other departments. Students are required to complete the academic work in the area of specialization in addition to all the requirements of the doctoral program. The designated emphasis appears on the transcript and, with 7/31/07 approval from President Dynes, on the diploma. The Graduate Council has authority to establish designated emphases.